Posted by saformo on 8 diciembre 2012

Lord of the flies (1954) is a dystopian novel written by William Golding. The novel can be seen as an allegory of the innate cruelty of humans, through his novel he portrays human human beings and their problems  actions of human behaviour, as well as they interact with each other. In his novels hi puts human beings into the extremes, as they have to face situations they have neve thought they would live.

The characters that would experiment the unfullfilment of their utopian dream will be childrem between six and twelve years, but although their short age their adventure will develop in a large scale of violence, fearness, suspicion and power.

The first character that presents the author is Ralph, who is the main character. The novel starts with an airplane crash where only children survive the impact. The first organizative decisions will be taken as a game, but when they have to choose a leader the dilemma of the book will start. Ralp is proclamated leader, after Jack and him were presented as the possible bosses, Ralph names Jack the hunting boss. But the short age of the children helps to the failure of any attempt of organization, and the situation gets worse when the fearness appears.

Soon it starts confrontation between Jack and Ralph, the power of organization by Jack is questioned and after Jack tries to take over the control of Ralph´s organization he leaves to another part of the island, and the older children follow him. Then starts the serious confrontations between both organizations and the tribe of Jack kills Simon, after confusing him with the feard beast, and after some arguments between Ralph and Jack, Ralph has to leave to safe his life; when he was near to be caught by Jack the adults ( the moral world) appear and he can save himself from death.

The main theme of the book is to show the dark aspects of humanity, that are covered under the rules of society. Children represents the real nature of humans and adults appear dignified, and the main purpose is to show the potential for brutality that humans have. The novel deals with the different moral evolution of the different characters, ones take the direction of civilization, and rationalism, as Ralph that imitates the model of rational organization he has learned from society, others go toward tribal superstitions, human sacrifice, as the case of Jack and the characters that follow him. This two tendencies clash and the convivence remains impossible, so the first one are defeated.

Lord of the Flies is an allegory of human society today, the novel´s primary implication is that what we have come to call civilization is, at best, no more than skin-deep. All of the boys have been influences by adult patterns, and soon enough they´re busy organizing, electing a chieftain…but the miniature civilization breaks down; there is an accelearting reversion to savagery, and ideal turns into a nightmare. It is a frightening parody on man´s return to that state of darkness from it which it took him thousands of year to emerge. The climax of the novel presents the boys reverted to a savage state. Civilization is seen as a thin veener scraped away in the experience living in a wilderness.

Utopian Dream Versus Dystopian Reality: William Golding’s Lord of the Flies a Case Study. Bahareh Darvish and Mohammadreza Ghanbari NajjarAmerican Journal of Scientific Research.ISSN 1450-223X Issue 46 (2012), pp. 14-21 © EuroJournals Publishing, Inc. 2012

Lord of the flies can be seen as a dystopian novel, as the utopic theory the children had when they first came into the island will never be put in practise; instead of showing an optimistic view of the human being, Golding shows us a pessimistic view of human nature. They had plans of organization and they had assigned works for each other but they soon get tired of that not so perfect organization, and they forget the rules and promises, and the disaster comes.