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THE UTOPIAN VISION IN THE COMMUNIST MANIFESTO

Posted by saformo on 8 Diciembre 2012

`WORKING MEN OF ALL COUNTRIES, UNITE! ´Marx, karl and Engels Friederich. The Communist Manifesto

The Communist Manifesto is considered today one of the world´s most important political documents due to his content, its style and its repercussion in history and literature and it will become one of the most read and discussed documents of the 20th century.

The Communist Manifesto according to K. Marx was written to develop a practical base to socialism based in the study of history along the years.Marx and Engels wrote together the Communist Manifesto, because the London Congress of the Communist League wanted a manifesto for their organization, so they wrote the Manifesto on 1847 and it was published in 1848.

The Manifesto begins with a general view of class struggle along history of humanity; the repression of society began with owners and slaves, turned to the feudalism system during the Middle Ages and then developed on the system of guilds, up to the working class of their own day.The lower classes have always been exploited by higher classes, as as the lower classes gained some power, the higher ones invented new laws to continue with the class system repression. Thus, the upper classes will change and develop into other classes to adapt their repression to the new times.

The utopian vision of Marx and Engels in their Communist Manifesto is that there is an incoming process to eliminate the struggle of class system, for the sake of lower classes. If there is only one class, the class struggle would no longer exist, and money, nation-states and governments will be completely unnecessary.Their utopic socialism philosophy of these authors will influence the core of the Communist Manifesto, but although Marx and Engels thought that they had found a scientific truth that could be applied to humanity, truth is that those governments that adopted communists systems never leave the power of governing to society.

`The real problem with t he Marxian ideas imbued in the Manifesto might be that Marx misundertood which class would ultimately take over the means of production and so destroy the capitalist system. What he could not understand was that means of production would become less and less expensive all the time due to efficiencies in production. Workers would themselves become entrepreneurs in free and republican societies, the advent of computers and inexpensive access to the tools of service industry would make small bussiness a dominant and driving force´

http://www.wvup.edu/elamb/Emily%27sPDFfiles/222%20eCourse/Unit%20Three/Manifesto.PDF

 

The Communist Manifesto is considered a recompilation of the communist principles and a practical guide to achieve class system freedom according to Marx and Engels. It is a text of around 17.000 words and it has different prologues for different countries as the prologue for England and for Germany. The Communist Manifesto can be divided into four sections:

The first one explains how class struggle has been developed along different stages of history. Higher classes have been always developing into other different classes along history, but they have always exploited lower classes, which is the class that produces the wealth of capitalism.

The second section of the Manifesto is where the utopian view is more evident, this part of the Manifesto develops the nature of the new working class, the new ruling class that they will name `the proletariat´. It shows its implications for the advance of society, including the abolition of private property, the source of power and repression. This section stresses that this utopian society will be brought about by conflict with the working class taking power from the owners of economy, the bourgeoisie.

The last two parts of the Communist Manifesto discuss the diverse forms of socialism; social feudalism, petty-bourgeois socialism and true socialism. The last part deals with how these different socialist systems could inter-relate